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Electric Cars 101: A Comprehensive Guide to EVs

  Norman Taylor & Associates
  January 2, 2024

Electric cars, or EVs as they’re called, are taking the world by storm. Why? They’re kinder to the planet, potentially save you money, and offer a smooth, quiet ride. Want to learn more before making the switch? We’ve got you covered!

In this guide, we’ll break down everything you need to know about EVs: what they are, how they work, the perks you get, and the costs to consider. Learn more below!


What Is an EV?

At its core, an electric car is a vehicle that runs on electricity rather than gasoline or diesel. Instead of an internal combustion engine, EVs are powered by electric motors that draw energy from a battery pack. This means they produce zero tailpipe emissions, making them an environmentally friendly alternative to traditional gas-powered vehicles.


Types of Electric Cars

There are several types of electric cars available on the market today. The most common types include:

  • Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs): These fully electric cars rely solely on the energy stored in their battery packs. They don’t have an internal combustion engine and produce zero tailpipe emissions. 
  • Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): PHEVs combine an electric motor with a conventional internal combustion engine. They can be charged from an external power source and also use gasoline or diesel. PHEVs offer the flexibility of driving an electric power alone for shorter trips and switching to the internal combustion engine for longer journeys. 
  • Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Hybrids use both an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. Unlike PHEVs, HEVs can’t be charged from an external power source. Instead, their electric motor is charged through regenerative braking and the internal combustion engine.

How Long Does an EV Battery Last?

While it depends on the battery type and how you drive, most EV batteries are built to last for 8-5 years. Even then, they won’t die completely – they just hold less charge. Plus, many manufacturers offer warranties for extra peace of mind.


How Much Does It Cost to Charge an Electric Car?

It depends on four things: how much electricity costs in your area, how “fuel-efficient” your car is, how big its battery is, and which type of charging station you use.

To calculate the cost of charging your EV, you’ll need to know your electricity rate per kWh, your vehicle’s energy consumption (measured in watt-hours per mile or miles per kilowatt-hour), and the distance you plan to travel. Multiply the energy consumption per mile by the distance and then multiply the total energy required by the electricity rate to estimate the charging cost.


Types of EV Charging Stations

  • Level 1 Chargers: These chargers use a standard 12-volt household outlet and deliver around 1.5 kilowatts of power. Level 1 is convenient for overnight charging at home but is the slowest option. 
  • Level 2 Chargers: Level 2 chargers require a 208-240-volt connection and deliver between 7 and 19 kilowatts of power. They’re commonly installed in homes, workplaces, and public charging stations. 
  • DC Fast Chargers: DC fast chargers, also known as Level 3 chargers, offer the fastest charging speeds. They use direct current (DC) to deliver up to 350 kilowatts. Level 3 chargers are primarily found at public charging stations and are ideal for long-distance travel.

How Long Does It Take to Charge an EV?

Here’s a general overview of charging times for different types of chargers:

  • Level 1 Chargers: It can take around 8 to 20 hours to fully charge an electric vehicle with a Level 1 charger, depending on the battery pack size. 
  • Level 2 Chargers: Depending on the battery pack size and the charging rate, it can take anywhere from 4 to 8 hours to fully charge an electric vehicle with a Level 2 charger. 
  • DC Fast Chargers: They can charge an EV from 20% to 80% in as little as 30 minutes, depending on the charging rate and the vehicle’s compatibility with fast charging.

But remember, just like gas stations, charging speeds can vary based on your car and where you plug in. So, the numbers above are just a general guide.


What Happens if I Run Out of Charge in an EV?

One common concern among potential EV owners is the fear of running out of charge while on the road. However, modern electric cars have advanced technology that helps drivers manage their range effectively. Most EVs provide accurate range estimations and alerts when the battery level is low.

If you find yourself running out of charge, you can rely on roadside assistance services, such as AAA, to tow you to the nearest charging station or home.


Electric Car Benefits


  1. Environmental Benefits
  2. Electric cars produce zero tailpipe emissions, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution. Driving an electric car can contribute to a cleaner and greener environment.


  3. Cost Savings
  4. Electric vehicles typically have lower operating costs compared to gas-powered vehicles. The cost of electricity for charging an electric car is generally lower than the cost of gasoline. Additionally, EVs have fewer moving parts, reducing maintenance and repair costs over time.


  5. Energy Independence
  6. EVs can be powered by renewable energy sources such as solar or wind, reducing dependence on fossil fuels. This promotes energy independence and sustainability.


  7. Performance and Driving Experience
  8. Electric motors provide instant torque, delivering quick acceleration and a smooth driving experience. EVs are quieter and offer a more refined and comfortable ride than traditional cars. 


Does California’s Lemon Law Apply to EVs?

Yes, it applies to electric vehicles! The California lemon law protects consumers who purchase defective vehicles. If your EV experiences recurring problems that substantially impair its use, value, or safety, you may be entitled to a refund, replacement, or compensation.

If you believe your car qualifies as a lemon, it’s important to consult an experienced lemon law firm like Norman Taylor & Associates that can guide you through the process. We can help you gather documentation, negotiate with the manufacturer, and pursue a legal remedy if necessary.


Have Questions? Contact Our Lemon Law Firm Today!

At Norman Taylor & Associates, we specialize in California lemon law and have the expertise to protect your rights as a vehicle owner. If you’re experiencing persistent issues with your 2016 or newer EV, call 818-244-3905 or contact us today to schedule a FREE consultation!

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